What is Gum Disease – Causes & Treatments

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What is Gum Disease – Causes & Treatments

If you’ve recently been diagnosed with gum disease and you want to know what your treatment options are, or if you suspect that you might have gum disease and you’re wondering what may have caused it, we can help.

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also known as periodontitis, is a disease that can affect the soft tissues in your mouth, namely your gums. It is effectively caused by a buildup of bacteria called plaque on your teeth. When plaque builds up, it hardens into tartar and can cause infections in your mouth. The infection affects your gum line, and without treatment, it can even destroy the bone that supports your teeth, leading to tooth loss.

What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?

There are a few different symptoms to be on the lookout for if you suspect you might have gum disease. Take note if you notice any of the following:

  • Sensitive teeth
  • Bleeding gums after you brush your teeth
  • Bad breath for no reason
  • Red, swollen gums
  • Gums that appear to be receding or getting smaller
  • Wiggly or shifting teeth
  • Pain when eating or chewing

If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s best to go see a professional straight away so that a dentist can assess your teeth and determine the best course of action.

Can Gum Disease Be Treated?

Gum disease can be treated if it is caught early enough. The main treatment of gum disease is to try and control the infection. Once assessed, your dentist will advise the best course of treatment moving forwards, depending on the level and severity of the infection. They could suggest any number of the following:

  • Medication
  • A deep clean of your teeth and gum line
  • Oral antibiotics
  • Antibiotic gel
  • Surgery
  • Enzyme suppressants
  • Antibiotic microspheres or antiseptic chips inserted into pockets of your gum

Your dentist will discuss the best plan of action with you after they have completed their assessment.

Is There a Difference Between Gingivitis and Periodontitis?

Yes, there is a difference between gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingivitis, also referred to as gum inflammation, is usually the stage that happens before periodontitis. It is an early stage that can often be reversed or cured with good oral hygiene.

Periodontitis, or a gum infection, on the other hand, is a more serious form of gum disease where the gingivitis or inflammation has developed into an infection that is much harder to treat.

Get in Contact Today

When it comes to gum disease, prevention is always preferable to a cure. Practice good oral hygiene at home by brushing and flossing regularly.

Schedule regular dental appointments to ensure that plaque doesn’t have a chance to build up open your teeth and cause problems in the future. A little extra care today will prevent a lot of problems in the future.

If you believe that you may have gum disease and need a dentist in Newcastle for an assessment, call 02 4950 9221 today. Our professional and friendly team can assist with all of your specialist and general dental concerns.

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